Cipro is an antibiotic having bactericidal action as to many pathogenic microorganisms. It does not slow and does not stop a development and replication of bacteria as bacteriostatic drugs do. A task of this antibiotic consists in a complete killing of bacteria and the further excretion them from the body.
The mechanism of action of Cipro is based on the inhibition of the bacterial DNA-gyrase enzyme responsible for the division of DNA, and a process of the protein synthesis depends on it. In case of the disorder of the protein synthesis, a cellular wall of bacteria is destructed, and they die.
Ciprofloxacin is an active ingredient of Cipro. This is a very popular and effective antibacterial product that is added to many modern antibiotics. Staphylococci, streptococci, enterobacteria, intestinal and haemophilus influenzae, salmonella, shigella, legionella, chlamydia, mycobacteria and many others are vulnerable to Ciprofloxacin.
Cipro helps to treat the most common infections within several days: tonsillitis, pharyngitis, pneumonia, bronchitis, peritonitis, ophthalmic infections, cystitis, urethritis, gonorrhea, otitis media, skin infections and many other diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria.
A course of the treatment is usually 5 to 10 days, and it may take up to 14-15 days in case of severe infectious processes. Take the pills on an empty stomach in order to increase a bioavailability of the active ingredients. Take a lot of water during the treatment.
As a rule, a daily dose of Cipro varies from 500 to 1500 mg per day for an adult person. A dosing depends on a type of infection, severity of the infectious process, general state of the patient, and many other factors.
If infections of the middle severity level, Cipro should be used in the dose of 500 mg 2 times per day. Aged patient should reduce this dose and take 250 mg 2 times per day.
In case of a severe long-term infection, a daily dose may be increased, and then a patient may take up to 750 mg of Cipro 2 times per day.
Do not change a dose of the drug and do not terminate the treatment during the improvement of the health. Even if you feel good, continue taking the medicine for at least 2-3 days. If the treatment is stopped early, an infection may reoccur.
- The use of Cipro has many restrictions. It is necessary to avoid over-exposure to the sun during the treatment
- Moreover, take a lot of water during the treatment in order to maintain diuresis. Otherwise, a dysfunction of kidneys may appear
- Patients under 18 years old are not recommended to take Cipro. Complications may occur during the use of the drug before formed skeletal system. This rule is applied to pregnant women. The use of the antibiotic is contraindicated because it may stop a development of the bony skeleton of a baby
In case of the overdose with Cipro, standard side effects become severe. These are diarrhea, flatulence, vomiting, headache, hallucinations, and cardiac arrhythmias.
Besides the main side effects, a risk of the allergic reaction also grows during the overdose. Therefore, stop taking the pills and consult your physician if you have apparent signs of the overdose.